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E-cig Study

New Study Refutes Concerns About Fine Particles in E-Cig Vapor

A new study has found that vaping in your home has essentially no impact on the average amount of particles in your indoor air. Unlike cigarette smoking, marijuana smoking, cigars, using gas heating or lighting incense, vaping in the home did not appear to affect the particulate matter counts in a selection of low-income homes. The authors chose not to make a big deal about this result – whereas the opposite result would have probably become headline for the press release– but the implication is clear. For all the fears about “fine particles” in e-cig vapor regularly repeated by people opposed to the technology, the actual data shows that there is little to be concerned about.

 

A Primer on Particles in E-Cig Vapor

 

The issue of particulates in e-cig vapor is a common anti-vaping talking point. E-cigarettes release ultra-fine particles, the argument goes, and these are associated with health issues. However, there are several glaring issues with focusing on “particles” without looking at the issue more closely than that.

 

The most obvious problem is that it matters what the particles are made of. For example, you’re exposed to a lot of particulates when you shower, but nobody is especially worried about that unless you have a seriously contaminated water supply. Particles from cigarette smoke aren’t dangerous just because they’re tiny particles; they’re dangerous because there are a lot of toxic chemicals in the mix, and they’re solid so can get lodged in the airways. For e-cigarette vapor, the “particles” are really liquid droplets mainly composed of PG and VG, with only very tiny quantities of harmful chemicals.

 

In a nutshell, because of the big differences between “a mixture of solid particles including many toxic chemicals” and “liquid droplets predominantly composed of non-toxic PG and VG,” there is no reason to expect the risks to be similar. However, it sounds scary to say “e-cigs release ultra-fine particles,” so we hear it a lot, regardless.

 

The Study: Measuring Particle-Counts in Low-Income Homes

 

The study used a straightforward approach to investigating the issue of particulate pollution in homes. The research mainly focused on low-income households, because existing evidence suggests that people in low-income homes are the most at risk. The study also focused on homes where a smoker lives, but in many cases the individuals only smoked outside. The homes included in the study also had at least one young child, because they’re generally considered to be at greater risk from particulate exposure.

 

The researchers placed an air quality monitor in each of the homes, and this study reports the results for the first week of the study. The results were analyzed simply too: the researchers looked at the averages over the course of the week and related them to behaviors known or expected to impact on levels of particulate matter. For example, they asked participants about smoking (cigarettes, cigars, hookahs and marijuana), vaping, whether they burned incense or candles, their cooking habits (e.g. frying, cooking on gas and whether they’d burned any food), their cleaning habits and more.

 

What They Found: Smoking, Candles and Incense Are All Worse Than Vaping for Particulates

 

If the authors had found concerning results about vaping from their analysis, you can rest assured it would have made the headline of the press release and would probably have been repeated in just about every major news outlet by now. But that isn’t what happened. Instead, the researchers found no difference in particulate matter levels between the 14% of homes where people vaped and the rest of the homes where nobody did.

 

But the same can’t be said for other sources of indoor air pollution. Homes where people smoked indoors had particulate levels almost 2,000 times higher than homes where nobody smoked indoors. Marijuana smoking increased the particulate levels by a similar amount, and although there weren’t many households where people smoked cigars indoors, the results were similar to the cigarette smokers’ homes. For other forms of smoking, there were too few data points to draw any firm conclusions.

 

Sources unrelated to nicotine or drug use also led to definite increases. Homes with gas heating had particle counts about 500 times higher than homes without such heating, on average. If someone in your home burns food at least once a week, particle levels are probably about 100 times higher than homes where nobody burns food. Frying foods had a similar effect, creating particulate levels up to 100 times greater than homes where people didn’t fry food. Using incense or candles didn’t always have a big impact, but homes that (assumedly) used them more regularly had particulate levels about 1,000 times higher than non-users’ homes.

 

The short version is that while vaping had no impact on particulate levels in the home, pretty much any form of smoking, several cooking-related activities and burning candles or incense led to substantial increases in the amount of particulate matter being inhaled.

 

What Does This Mean for Particulate Matter in E-Cigarette Vapor?

 

Of course, we know e-cigs release “particulates” – that’s why there is visible vapor. So what’s going on here? What does this study really mean?

 

The main things to note are that the study used averages based on the readings taken over the course of the week, and that it didn’t differentiate between homes where someone vapes every day and one where someone vapes once a week. This means if somebody only vaped once a week, the effect of this would be averaged out over the whole week and would make little difference to the weekly average.

 

This issue isn’t limited to the vaping sample, though. All of the behaviors listed were classed as either “happened” or “didn’t happen,” so somebody smoking one cigarette per week would be grouped in with someone smoking a pack a day. Similarly, somebody who fries food every day would be lumped in with somebody who fried an egg on just one day.

 

So this means we can assume the comparisons in the study are fair – vaping doesn’t have a significant impact on the average amount of particulate matter in your house, but smoking, burning incense and frying in oil does. But the methods the study used do oversimplify things a little: vaping does still release particulate matter, although it’s true that it dissipates quickly and it clearly doesn’t have a significant impact on your exposure overall. You’d have more cause for concern if your partner burns his or her toast once or twice a week when it comes to particulates.

 

And it’s worth stressing one point again: it doesn’t really matter how many “particles” there are, it matters what they’re made of.

 

Conclusion: Second-Hand Vaping Concerns Are Overblown  

 

It’s no surprise that these results aren’t being hyped up in the media. With the continued desire to paint vaping as a wolf in sheep’s clothing, uncomfortable results like this just aren’t what they’re interested in. They add to the growing body of evidence that bystanders have little to worry about when it comes to indoor vaping. Not only is the exhaled vapor predominantly PG and VG, but even the raw amount of droplets of vapor are completely dwarfed by other, widespread sources of particulate matter.

 

But that narrative doesn’t drive clicks and sell papers, and it doesn’t help justify indoor vaping bans, so don’t expect to see it in mainstream outlets any time soon.

Lee Johnson

Lee Johnson

Writer at Black Note
Lee is a writer and vaper from the UK. He quit smoking (without intending to) when he started vaping in 2012, and now writes for EcigaretteReviewed and E-Cigarette Direct's Ashtray Blog. He's always searching for a new all-day vape, loves rebuilding and is passionate about providing smokers with accurate information about the harm reduction potential of vaping. He drinks too much tea.
Lee Johnson

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What is E-Juice?

E-juice, also known as e-liquid or vaping liquid, is the liquid that’s placed in the vaping device and subsequently atomized into vapor. When you go to buy e-juice, you’ll notice it contains a mix of several ingredients. These typically include vegetable glycerin (VG), propylene glycol (PG), some type of flavoring, and nicotine.

VG and PG form the base of the e-liquid. VG is a component used in food and personal care products; its role in e-liquid is to create a thick, dense vapor. PG is another popular solvent used in a variety of everyday items. It carries the e-liquid flavor, provides the “throat hit,” and enhances the vaping liquid’s ability to soak into wicks or cartomizer materials.

Nicotine is an optional ingredient, often available in different levels. E-juice also contains some type of flavoring.

Black Note leads the pack of tobacco vaping liquid by using only natural flavoring – extract from real tobacco leaves to produce real tobacco taste. When you go to buy e-juice from other companies, you may find any number of chemicals used to create synthetic flavors that include fake strawberry, manufactured vanilla, and even man-made tobacco flavors.

If your aim when you buy e-liquid is to experience the subtle nuances, genuine flair and authentic taste of real tobacco, then you’ll be on the mark if you buy e-juice from the Black Note lineup.

Best E-Juice

When you’re going to buy e-liquid, it’s only natural you’ll want the best e-liquid. But what, exactly, does it “best e-juice” mean? We’ll tell you.

For starters, you’ll want an e-juice that doesn’t contain all kinds of strange chemicals and concoctions that you can’t even pronounce. True, even the best e-liquid will contain vegetable glycerin (VG) and proplene glycol (PG), which serve as the base of e-juice, but you don’t necessarily need a host of other chemical compounds.

The best e-juice will stick to natural ingredients, like real tobacco extract, rather than rely on synthetic flavorings, colorings and other additives. Diacetyl is one of those synthetic ingredients that has gotten a pretty bad rap, although its use is not all that uncommon for producing sweet e juice flavors.

Definitely read the ingredient list before you buy e-juice to ensure you recognize what’s on it. Better yet, see if the e-juice company offers a lab report to confirm what’s actually inside the e-liquid.

In addition to having as few chemical ingredients as possible, the best e-juice will have an amazing taste. For those who enjoy authenticity over imitation, the most amazing taste is the most natural taste, especially when it comes to tobacco. Since Black Note uses real extract from tobacco leaves, we not only avoid all those weird chemical flavorings, but we also produce the most authentic experience: tobacco vaping liquid that actually tastes like tobacco.

Best E-Liquid on the Market

Anyone looking for the best e-liquid on the market need look no further than Black Note. Black Note tobacco vaping liquid ranks as the best e-juice across the board in every category, starting with the taste.

Black Note’s main claim to fame is producing a tobacco vaping liquid that actually tastes like real tobacco. That because we use real tobacco extract, not chemicals, to create the best e-juice tobacco flavor. Using extract from real tobacco leaves retains tobacco’s nuances and flavor notes, giving you the most authentic and multi-faceted tobacco experience.

In addition to being the best e-juice for tobacco taste, Black Note also has the best e-liquid manufacturing process. We spent years researching and testing various production methods, and finally landed on one that we believe is absolutely perfect.

It starts with growing carefully selected tobacco seeds, followed by an equally precise of steps that include an extensive natural extraction process. Even our bottling and packaging is done with the utmost care, using recycled and recyclable packaging materials to ensure our products are as earth-friendly as they are vapor-friendly.

One more category where Black Note ranks as the best e-liquid is with the value. Every order comes with free domestic shipping, one-to-three day domestic shipping guarantee, and a 90-day, money-back satisfaction guarantee. If you’re not happy for any reason, or don’t agree we’re the best e-juice on the market, send it back on us and we’ll refund your money.

Vape Juice Ingredients

Vape juice ingredients can be pretty straightforward – or not. At the very least, most vape juice contains propylene glycol (PG), vegetable glycerin (VG), and some type of flavoring. Nicotine has largely become an optional ingredient that can be included at varying levels or left out altogether.

Vegetable glycerin (VG) and propylene glycol (PG) are usually the two main ingredients that make up the base of most vape juice.

VG is a plant-based substance with the ability to produce a dense, thick vapor. PG is an additive found in many food items and certain medicines. It carries the flavoring, provides the “throat hit” and enhances the vape juice’s ability to soak into the wicking materials.

Nicotine levels can vary, as can ingredients that make up the flavorings. The components that make up vape juice flavoring are where ingredients can get rather complicated.

Vape juice that relies on artificial flavorings can contain any number of extraneous chemicals and other additives, whatever it takes to recreate the flavor the ecig juice is going for.

Black Note uses only natural flavorings: extract from real tobacco leaves. That keeps our ingredient list incredibly simple, backed by a lab report to prove it. You won’t find any strange chemical concoctions used to produce our tobacco flavor, just real tobacco extract that delivers a real tobacco experience.

What is the Best Flavor for Ecig Juice?

From strawberry shortcake to banana rum, ecig juice comes in tons of flavors. While folks can debate and discuss all the fruity, sweet or food-like flavors all day long, the best flavor for e-cig liquid is straight-up tobacco.

Why? Vaping was originally created as an alternative for traditional cigarettes, mainly for those who enjoy the taste of tobacco. And when you can find an e-cig liquid that is able to recreate tobacco’s full-bodied yet delicate flavor notes and nuances, but without the harmful chemicals found in cigarettes, then you’ve found the best ecig juice.

Recreating tobacco’s complex flavor isn’t easy, especially when it’s attempted with artificial ingredients. That’s why Black Note sticks to the real thing, extracting the essence of real tobacco leaves to flavor our vaping liquid. Not only does this avoid the harmful chemicals in cigarettes, but it also eliminates the flavoring chemicals found in many ecig juices. The end result is real tobacco taste, an authentic tobacco experience and the best flavor for ecig juice you can find.

Notice also we said the best e-cig flavor was straight-up tobacco, not plain old tobacco. Black Note’s real tobacco vaping liquid happens to come in a variety of different blends, from the light and airy to the peppery and robust. Not all tobacco is created equal, and different blends capture the specialized subtleties that make each tobacco unique.

Best Sweet Tobacco E-Juice

When it comes to sweet tobacco e-juice, your options can be broken down into two categories.

The first category contains tobacco e-juice that overlays the tobacco flavor with artificial chocolate, caramel, vanilla, fruity or other dessert-like flavorings. We wouldn’t classify any such flavors as the best tobacco e liquid, simply because they typically use chemicals and other artificial ingredients to create the tobacco taste, the sweet taste, or both.

The second category of sweet tobacco e-juice is where you’ll find the best tobacco e-liquid, sweet or otherwise. This category contains vaping liquid created using only natural flavorings, which is exactly where Black Note fits in. Instead of concocting flavors using synthetic ingredients, Black Note uses an extensive extraction process that slowly and deliberately extracts the tobacco essence from real tobacco leaves.

The result is the best tobacco e-juice: tobacco vaping liquid that actually tastes like real tobacco. And if you’re going for the best sweet tobacco e liquid, we have a few tobacco blends that offer varying levels of sweetness.

Prelude is our sweetest tobacco e-liquid, containing golden Virginia tobacco. Made from fire-cured dark Virginia tobacco, Sonata is our Cavendish blend with a mildly sweet and nutty flavor. Solo is our menthol blend, giving you a semi-sweet minty taste created from natural menthol crystals extract from dried mint leaves.

For the best tobacco e-liquid that’s naturally sweet and remarkably delicious, Black Note is at your service.

WARNING: Black Note products are not smoking cessation products and have not been tested as such. Black Note products are intended for use by adults of legal smoking age (21 or older in California), and not by children or women who are pregnant or breastfeeding. Black Note products contain nicotine, a chemical known to the State of California to cause birth defects or other reproductive harm. Ingestion of the non-vaporized concentrated ingredients can be poisonous. Keep out of reach of children and pets. For immediate advice, contact poison control center: (800) 222-1222